Stopping the spread of COVID-19 requires immune societies. so Know and define herd immunity, then protect yourself and others from COVID-19.
Coronavirus spreads quickly, making crowded areas deadly.
Due to a lack of resistance across societies, no one was immune to viruses.
You can watch this video to see a summary of this article
When is herd immunity achieved?
If we can make a large percentage of people immune, then herd immunity against Coronavirus will be achieved.
But the path to herd immunity includes big hurdles through indirect protection from viruses that cause infectious diseases, and experts say it could take years or more.
There are two ways to make a large percentage of people immune.
Herd immunity defined
Herd immunity means community immunity against disease by vaccination and/or the previous disease, then that long as a certain proportion of the population is vaccinated, the disease won’t be able to transmit within that population.
There are many infectious diseases that were very common such as measles, mumps, polio, and chickenpox.
Infection can occur particularly in those with weakened immune systems. So, vaccines were developed to protect these people and give them life.
Many viruses such as influenza mutate over time, so if COVID-19 is like other coronaviruses, then infected people will be immune for months to years but not for their entire lives.
Can we achieve herd immunity?
Logically, we need to get more than half of the population infected with the virus to stop transmission of the disease.
If the virus can infect many people within a few months. Then hospitals become overwhelmed and death rates soaring.
So current levels of infection must be maintained until a vaccine is available.
Notes for achieving and define herd immunity
- The death rate from the Covid-19 virus is 10 times higher than that of influenza.
- People with weak immune systems, such as the elderly, pregnant women, or those with cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy.
- People with chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes are at immediate risk and the death rate increases among them.
- We should be separated, especially from the previous category of people, especially those who suffer from respiratory diseases, to avoid confusing our doctors and hospitals.
Who Gets Coronavirus Vaccine First?
Herd immunity depends on stopping a disease that spreads easily so that vaccines prevent many diseases.
It is not possible to vaccinate many groups of people around the world, but if enough is vaccinated against dangerous diseases, herd immunity will protect most of the immunocompromised people of our population.
Vaccines have proven to be the safest to protect people from disease. Therefore, no virus or germ will be able to “find” these susceptible individuals because the vaccinated people around them can act as barriers between them and the infected person.
Stick to your vaccination schedule to keep you safe and your loved ones and community safe. To finally eliminate the disease.
Experts say the more efficient way to herd immunity, is through vaccinated as possible of people
Gets Coronavirus Vaccine First
Through previous practices and experiences for disease control and prevention (CDC)
World Health Organization which laid out a global allocation a phased approach to vaccine deployment has been proposed. Five stages and categories as follows:
PRACTICES SUGGESTS A FIVE-TIER
1- Healthcare Professionals, including high-risk health workers who are involved in direct patient care and enforcement of general health care professionals.
2- Groups in the national and national security category that include people of all ages who suffer from two or more health conditions, which puts them at high risk of developing serious diseases.
3- Basic workers. It includes child support workers, people working in high-risk environments, people in homeless shelters or group homes, and all older people not included in Phase 1 are included in this stage.
4- Includes all children and youth in the United States who are 30 or younger.
5- All residents living in the United States. Those who did not get vaccinated in the previous stages can get the vaccine
What are the challenges to full herd immunity?
1- Scientists do not know yet how long natural and acquired immunity from the virus can persist in the body. So, there is a big difference between being immune for six months or for 10 years.
Research has proven that people with COVID-19 are protected for at least several months.
2- For other respiratory viruses, such as influenza, the antibodies tend to decrease over time.
3- The duration of the COVID-19 vaccine is still unknown and how effective it will be in the body, but it can be measured in months or years instead of age.
4- All vaccines that are under development will not work in the same way, and their effectiveness and side effects on people may differ.
How to protect yourself and others from Covid 19?
So, until we get to global and define herd immunity then protect yourself and others, we must slow the spread of this virus.
Stay awake and learn how to protect yourself from Coronavirus.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
How does the Coronavirus spread?
The Center for Disease Control (CDC), confirmed that the Covid 19 virus is spread more commonly during close contact (at a distance of 6 feet) from person to person, through respiratory droplets when a person coughs or sneezes or when shaking hands.
After the infected person leaves the place, the infection may occur, especially inside closed places with insufficient ventilation.
It may spread through contaminated surfaces, then touch their mouth, nose, or possibly eyes, but this is not believed to be the main way the virus spreads.
11 best ways to prevent COVID-19
Get the test
It should be assumed that those in close contact with a confirmed case are positive, so test yourself as soon as possible, even if this is negative, an early infection is not excluded.
Limit contact and social distancing
Watch out for this dangerous virus, so you might be in one of the following situations.
Someone in your home has the virus
1- Isolating the patient in a separate room for a period of not less than 14 days from the onset of symptoms or the result of a positive examination in a well-ventilated place, preferably in a separate bathroom.
2- Stay at least 6 feet away from the person with COVID-19.
3- The Isolator period may extend for a longer time depending on the severity of symptoms.
4- The place is completely sterilized using alcohol sterilizers at a concentration of 70%.
You have the virus
- Isolate yourself from your social environment to preserve the lives of your children and those you love
- If you are infected with a large viral load, it becomes sicker than a person with a small viral load.
You haven’t caught the virus and want to protect yourself.
- The CDC recommends keeping a distance of about 6 feet from others in public places.
- Make your meeting and conversation outdoors with adequate space for distance and good ventilation will reduce the risk of exposure.
- Maintain physical distancing, then you can maintain asocial contact with friends, family, or colleagues from a distance.
Improve the internal ventilation and Keep windows open
The World Health Organization recommends increasing ventilation, especially indoors, so keep windows open as much as possible, even if that means raising the temperature.
The following criteria should be considered to improve the internal ventilation of the home, office, or workplace:
- Natural ventilation and window opening if possible.
- Increase the total airflow to occupied areas.
- Ensure the quality of air in all areas of the place.
- In the case of recirculating air, the filters must be cleaned regularly to ensure fresh, clean air.
Wear a mask
If you are infected or healthy, be sure, and take care to make the mask an essential accessory to protect yourself and others from catching COVID-19.
Studies have shown that individuals infected with the new coronavirus may not have symptoms.
The mask creates a barrier between the airway and the outside world then reduces the risk of infection through droplets that contain the Coronavirus.
When visiting crowded and closed places, wear a mask to reduce the spread of infection, so follow local recommendations.
If you have anyone contracted the virus, do not remove the mask or face cover either.
Be careful from social gatherings
If you want to stay away from this virus, avoid group physical meetings events, or any social gatherings, and follow applicable local recommendations.
If you are near someone who is sick or in a public place. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, to make sure that the viral layer is broken, disrupting the fatty layer surrounding the virus, and the inability of the virus to work.
Avoid touching your face and maintain your health. If you are outside, do not touch your eyes, nose, or mouth until washing your hands with soap or a sterile substance.
Clean and disinfect surfaces, whether in your home, office or in the vicinity of your work.
Pay attention to high-touch surfaces such as door handles, light switches, knobs, desks, etc.
Healthy eating to combat diseases
Be sure to know the strength of your immunity, do you suffer from weak immunity, and if you need a food supplement to be able to confront the danger of this virus.
Why not follow a healthy diet to recover your immunity and avoid weight gain.
Conditions related to an unhealthy diet that people are at increased risk of developing serious illness include:
- Heart disease.
And other diseases that increase the weakening of immunity and increase your risk of contracting this virus and the inability of your body to deal with it.
Restrict your travel
Moving or traveling may increase the risk of contracting the virus as a result of increased mixing, especially in closed spaces, so staying at home is the best way to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.
For those with primary and chronic medical conditions who have a low immune level or have weakened immunity as the elderly or pregnant women, it is wise to avoid travel.
Be sure to take travel safety measures, and it is okay to sterilize your means of travel and adhere to quarantine rules after travel to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
Coughing and sneezing etiquette
Be careful of coughing and use etiquette to protect yourself and who you loved, because you may be infected with this virus, but you do not know.
Use a tissue to sneeze or cough, and if you cannot find it, use your elbow to ensure that the infection does not spread through contact.
Watch for symptoms
The symptoms of this virus are similar to that of a respiratory virus infection, so it is very important to know the differences in symptoms. Difficulty breathing, the new loss of taste or smell, diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.
If you develop any of the flu-like symptoms along with the previous symptoms, stay at home and avoid contact with others, and wear a face mask if you need to leave your home and contact a healthcare professional.