Anxiety is a natural and emotional part of life. But in the long term, anxiety weakens your immune system so gets too intense with the feeling of dizziness and nausea, and this has a bad effect on your physical and mental health.
In the short term, anxiety increases your heart rate and thus increases stress and breathing, then blood flow to your brain increases, where you need it to prepare the appropriate physical response to face an intense situation.

When do anxiety disorders occur?

Anxiety disorders happen at any stage of life but increase in frequency in middle age, especially women are more likely to develop an anxiety disorder than men, says the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

What are the common causes of anxiety?

  • Many stressful life experiences increase your risk of developing an anxiety disorder so symptoms may appear immediately or years later.
  • Some serious medical conditions may generate feelings of anxiety.
  • Taking some medications may lead to the emergence of some anxiety disorders
  • Substance use also increases the developing an anxiety disorder.

so, anxiety and stress are causing you physical illness, so many hormones released when you experience anxiety can weaken your immune system, which means you are more likely to get a cold or the flu.

What are the types of anxiety disorders?

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

It is excessive anxiety without a logical reason.  so, the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) showed that generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) affects about 6.8 million American adults annually.

How is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) diagnosed?

When is diagnosed with intense anxiety about a variety of things appear for more than six months, you should see a doctor.
You will likely be able to complete your daily activities if the symptoms a mild case, but the more severe cases in the symptoms have a profound impact on your daily life, then affects the proper diet and the healthy daily behavior of the body, which in turn leads to weak immunity.

Social anxiety disorder

When the fear of social situations leads to controlled from being judged or humiliated by others, this severe social phobia can leave a person feeling ashamed and alone.
The most recent studies by the ADAA indicated that about 15 million American adults suffer and live with a social anxiety disorder.
This type of anxiety begins in the teens when the girl or boy reaches the age of 13. Since this period is sensitive to the formation of a person’s personality, the evaluation of his/her behavior, and the building of his/her body. this increase in social anxiety disorder may negatively affect health and immunity in the body.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

If you have been exposed or witnessed something traumatic in your life, symptoms can begin immediately or be delayed for years.
Such as natural disasters, or exposed to violence and physical attack. where Episodes of PTSD triggered without warning.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

If you notice someone repeating the performance of some particular rituals over and over again or someone experiences intrusive and unwanted thoughts that can be distressing (obsessions). for examples common compulsions include habitual hand-washing, counting, checking, or examining something., know that he/she suffers from obsessive-compulsive disorder, so this leads to permanent fatigue and an imbalance occurs in a person’s life and thus effects on his/her life, health and immune system.

Phobias

When a person possesses severe anxiety and fear of a certain thing, place, or creature without giving any logical reason behind this anxiety, then this person has a phobia, for example, tight spaces (claustrophobia), and fear of heights (acrophobia).

Panic disorder

If you have panic attacks, spontaneous feelings, or intense fear of impending doom and the accompanying heart palpitations, chest pain, and shortness of breath. The negative effect of these symptoms on the vital lighting of the body, then the immunity in the body and its disorder may be affected and these may accompany some immunodeficiency diseases.

The central nervous system

Long-term and constant anxiety attacks lead to the release of more stress hormones and chemicals regularly that stimulates the body to respond to this threat, such as adrenaline and cortisol, which lead to the emergence of symptoms of nervous tension such as headache, dizziness, and depression.

In the short term, these chemical hormones that are secreted by the brain and nervous system are okay, but in the long and continuous term can be more harmful to your physical health, so long-term exposure to cortisol can contribute to weight gain. and weak immunity, which exposes the body to many diseases and infections.

Cardiovascular system

Rapid heart rate and chest pain. One of the most important factors for high blood pressure and thus the emergence of various heart diseases, especially coronary heart disease, and all these factors lead to a gradual collapse of the immune system in the body.

Digestive and excretory system

Increased anxiety attacks lead to impaired function of the excretory system and the digestive system. And thus, the occurrence of stomachaches, nausea, diarrhea, and other digestive issues.

Anxiety and loss of appetite

Also, loss of appetite resulting from a hormonal imbalance in the body due to anxiety is possible. Thus, the body’s access to a nutritional defect and inability to fully benefit from food, and this leads to a lack of essential vitamins and weak immunity in the body.
There is a close relationship between anxiety disorders and the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) after a bowel infection. (IBS) can cause vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation.

Conclusion The effect of anxiety on the immune system

Your body’s immune system is affected by anxiety, but it may differ from person to person

What are the reasons for the different effects of anxiety attacks from one person to another on the body’s immune system?

This is due to the following criteria:
1- The rate of anxiety attacks and the duration that the body is exposed to this stress
2- The nature of these seizures, how severe they are, and the body’s ability to cope with the shock.
3- Performing the vital functions of the body such as heart functions, respiration, and digestive system functions.

When anxiety attacks are harmful to immunity?

The researchers noticed that in the short term, your pulse and breathing increased, so your brain can get more oxygen. then the body prepares you to respond appropriately to an intense situation. As these symptoms are similar to those of tantrums, read Anger and the immune system

Your immune system may even get a brief boost. With accidental anxious, your body returns to its normal functions when the stress passes.
But repeatedly of anxiety frequent or persistent for a long time, so your body will never get a signal to return to normal functioning. because cortisol continues to suppress T-cells and white blood cells, then your immune system has weakened due to the previous strike, making you more vulnerable to viral infections and recurrent illnesses.

The most important techniques for overcoming anxiety.

Just a few minutes a day can help you overcome the various symptoms of anxiety:

1- Get healthy food

So you should eat as much as needed, because excess food may lead to an imbalance in anxiety hormones

2- Get the right message

It’s so much fun, go ahead and get one. you deserve it.

3- Keep enough amount of meditation exercises

It can help a lot, so when you do not meditate, you can feel anxiety build up in your body.

4- Try to train and exercise

Exercise For at least 20 minutes a day, as sports help you overcome the various symptoms of anxiety.

5-Take long, slow, and deep breaths

then starts focusing on the guided imagery and conjuring up soothing scenes, places, or experiences in your mind to help you relax and focus.

6-Connect the mind and body

After a few minutes of deep breathing, you can focus on one part of the body or a group of muscles at a time and get rid of the physical tension you feel there.

7- Keep sitting comfortably

Focus on your breathing, and draw your mind to the present moment without being drawn into worries about the past or the future.

8- Maintain beneficial exercise such as yoga

9- Keep prayer as it nourishes the soul

So this helps to realize the reality of things for this while practicing concentration of breathing. This method may be particularly attractive if religion or spirituality has meaning to you.
I think your reading of this article will be of great help Six relaxation techniques to reduce stress

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